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31*

AUROCHS AND WISENT

slightly through  domestication.     It is, however, said not to cross
in a state of nature with the G-aur.1

Fia. 166.—Gayal.     Bos frental-is.     x

The Banteng, J?. sondaicus, is distributed through Chittagong,
Tenasserim, and the Malay Peninsula to Java and Borneo. There
are apparently two races of this animal. The species differs from
the others by the fact that the horns are smaller and more curved;
there is a white caudal disc ; the forehead is narrower and the
skull longer than in the others.
The American Bison and the European Aurochs form another
section ; they are indeed extremely alike, specific differences being
hardly recognisable. The Bison of America, formerly present in
such numbers that the prairies were black with countless herds,
has now diminished to about a thousand head.
One of the largest of existing Bovidae is the Aurochs, "Wisent, or
European Bison, Bos "bonasus (or Bison europaeus). It is exceedingly
like its American relative. Formerly the animal was much more
widely spread than it is now, extending its range from [Europe into
North America, It is now limited to certain districts on the Urals,
in the Caucasus, and a herd of them are kept up through the
fostering care of the Emperor of Hussia in the forest of Bielovege
in Xithuania. The term " Aurochs " should not really be applied to
this species but to the Wild Cattle, JBos tmvrns. It is, however, so
generally used for the Wisent (wMch is the Grerman name) that it
1 See Prae* Zool- JSoc, 189O, p. 592,